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Should we still be giving our children milk?

1 June is World Milk Day and on 11 January it is National Milk Day and it has got us thinking about Free School Milk.

Free School Milk first started back in 1944 as part of the Education Act to help improve children’s health and has continued to be a hot topic since.

All schools are legally required to have milk available during break or lunchtime. Free school milk is available to under-fives and to other year groups who are also entitled to certain benefits.

Margaret Thatcher was dubbed ‘the milk snatcher’ when she tried to end the free milk scheme, and David Cameron faced a similar backlash during his time as prime minister when there was talk Free School Milk may be abandoned yet again.

There has also been recent discussion around whether milk is really necessary for children’s health and speculation that it may be contributing to the childhood obesity crisis instead.

How nutritious is milk?

Cows’ milk is packed full of nutrients which are necessary for growing bones, keeping teeth healthy and preventing diseases like diabetes or osteoporosis.

Some studies have shown that children who regularly drink milk are more likely to have healthier, more balanced diets than non-milk drinkers.

The exact nutritional content of cows’ milk is dependent on the breed and health of the cow, as well as where the cow lives. The European Union regulates how much of each nutrient should be in cows’ milk, as shown below.
Milk is a great source of protein and calcium - two major building blocks to healthy growth during childhood. Without adequate calcium, children can develop diseases like osteoporosis which causes bones to become brittle and break easily.

Calcium is particularly important for children who have coeliac disease or gluten intolerance as they are more susceptible to osteoporosis.

Does milk increase the risk of obesity later in life?

Currently, over 9% of reception year children in the UK are obese. For year 6’s the prevalence increases to over 20%. The figures are scary, and scientists are calling it a pandemic.

There have been some claims that the protein content in cows’ milk will increase the child’s risk of being obese later in life.

It is also commonly believed that whole fat milk is worse for children than reduced fat milk.

But what does the science have to say?

In 2018, a review of all research into milk and obesity found that there is not enough evidence to support these claims. Children who drink milk are at no greater risk of obesity, in fact some studies have shown they tend to have better diets overall.

The review also found no significant difference in the type of milk on obesity risk. Whole fat milk naturally has more fat-soluble vitamins than skimmed milk and will not contribute to the child’s risk of developing obesity later in life.

Milk at home

Milk is an easy, affordable way for children to get so many nutrients they need for growth and development.

If children are not receiving milk due to school closures during lockdown, or they just don’t like drinking it, here are some other ways to get milk in their diet:

  • Make a banana cake - you can use up all those brown looking bananas you have lying around too!
  • You can use it to cook chicken! Check out Jamie Oliver’s recipe here.
  • Got some extra time in the morning now you don’t need to commute? Use milk to make pancakes!
  • Here’s a great macaroni and cheese recipe.

How we can support you to provide children with milk at school

A good money management system is vital to making the provision of milk run effortlessly.

We've helped schools manage Milk Money in the quickest, smoothest way possible using our Extended Day module.

To find out how the Extended Day module can help your school, call us today on 02380 016563 or book your free demo.


Dougkas et al. 2019. A critical review of the role of milk and other dairy products in the development of obesity in children and adolescents. Nutrition Research Reviews, 32, 106-127.

Jia et al. 2020. Dairy intake would reduce nutrient gaps in Chinese young children aged 3-8 years: a modelling study. Nutrients, 12, 554.

Suri et al. 2016. The role of dairy in effectiveness and cost of treatment of children with moderate acute malnutrition: a narrative review. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 37(2), 176-185.

O’Sullivan et al. 2020. Whole-fat or reduced-fat dairy product intake, adiposity, and cardiometabolic health in children: a systematic review. American Society for Nutrition, 11, 928-950.

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